Caution! Varicosity: occupational disease of office workers
If we, like the American sheriffs, were sitting with our legs on the table, it is possible that one “manager’s illness” would be less in the world. Meanwhile, according to statistics, 35 million people suffer from various forms of chronic venous insufficiency in our country.
Scientists are jokingly called varicose veins for straightness, which is justifiable. Leaving “homo sapiensam” as a support for only two extremities, nature simultaneously doubled the load on the venous vessels of the feet, which already had a hard time. After all, it runs along the arteries, driven by the force of gravity, – through the veins it returns to it in spite of it. Thus, we will consider that this illness arose at the dawn of civilization. Mention of varicose veins, more precisely, its description is available in the Old Testament, the Byzantine code of laws on medicine and ancient Egyptian papyri. And recently archaeologists excavated the tomb with a mummy that has all the signs of running varicose veins. Find more than three and a half thousand years.
Today, according to statistics, about 25% of women and 10% of men all over the world are suffering from varicose veins. And, since blacks and Asians have almost no varicose, in terms of the white population, these figures can easily be multiplied by two or even three.
Not only that in the modern world, varicose veins begin to take on the nature of an epidemic, so it is also “younger”. If in Soviet times varicose veins were considered a disease of elderly people, now its peak falls on 35-45 years. It would seem that employees of offices do not “work with their feet” as much as teachers, surgeons, hairdressers, sellers or flight attendants for whom varicose veins are a professional disease. But the “white-collar workers” have their own risk groups.
The top line of this hit parade, of course, is occupied by couriers.They, like the wolf, feed their legs, which means that the veins are constantly in overload mode. Healthy blood vessels, most likely, will cope, but if the veins are not all right, the blood will begin to stagnate and stretch the vessels. Hello, varicose veins!
An honorable second place is shared by secretaries, office managers and accountants.It does not even help that all of them spend most of their time sitting. Simply in this case, the veins do not suffer from overload, but from the “clamping”. Especially harmful, doctors warn phlebologists, sit leg on foot. In order to visualize what happens in this case, one can imagine a watering hose on which occasional passers-bys come. The liquid is then accumulated in front of the clamping point, breaking the walls, then rushes with redoubled force further when the path is clear. Not every rubber can withstand such a test for strength, let alone talking about the veins.
In addition, usually “sitting” positions are occupied by women, and they have a chance to get varicose and so much higher than men. The reason for this – fluctuations in the level of sex hormones. For example, due to the peculiarities of the menstrual cycle, the intake of oral contraceptives, during pregnancy or due to the onset of menopause.
In short, sitting in the office of women long overdue for the harmfulness of vitamins C, P and E – they are responsible for strengthening the vascular walls. By the way, men who are seated to men will not be hindered either, otherwise, the firm will remain without programmers and system administrators … It’s not for nothing that doctors came up with the special term “computer varicose veins”.
The managers of, who often have to travel on business trips, occupy the third place in the list of risky varicose veins. Especially fly on airplanes.
Unfortunately, companies do not always pay their employees business class flights, where the distance between the seats in the cabin allows you to comfortably stretch your legs and relax. Not only that the unfortunate suffer from a change in pressure, so they also run all the way in an uncomfortable position. As a result, the outflow of venous blood sharply slows down. This will not help even compression socks. As a result, most of those who are over thirty, after such a “pleasant” journey, feet ache and swell. And it’s good, if you have to fly once a month and not far. And if they send you every week? And all to America and to Kamchatka?
And even relatively sedentary managers are not insured against varicose veins. The obligatory attribute of success is the machine – in the conditions of the megalopolis it turns into a factor provoking the disease. A long standing in the traffic jams overloads the veins no worse than a flight in the economy class.
At the knives
Probably, it would be fair if the bosses were included in one of the main risk groups. Suppose, the general director. But here the pattern is not so easy to find. Director of the director is different. One day does not get out of his office or always on the road – at such a chance to get varicose veins is very high. Another nine months a year spends on Goa. There is no need to be afraid of varicose veins, but exotic infections.
And there are women bosses …
According to historians, from varicose disease suffered herself Catherine the Great. Being already at an advanced age, she complained to the court doctors about severe pain in her legs and ugly protruding veins. It is possible that the “blow”, which was the cause of the death of the Empress, is nothing but a thrombosis caused by complications of varicose veins.
Objectivity for the sake of it is worth noting that the expansion of veins on the legs is associated not only with the profession. This is one of those diseases, a predisposition to which can be inherited. If at least one of the parents suffers varicosity, then with probability of 70% it will be and at the child. No mysticism: just an innate weakness of the connective tissue responsible for the elasticity and elasticity of the veins walls, or the inherent inferiority of the semilunar valves – they are located inside the veins and do not allow blood to drain down. But the predisposition, multiplied by provoking factors, is almost 100% of varicose veins.
The director of the construction company Nikolay P. does not classify himself as a “sedentary” leader, but he did not manage to avoid vein disease.
“I noticed the first symptoms a few years ago,” Nikolay said, “but did not attach any importance to them. Swelling to the feet of the evening was written off for chronic problems with the kidneys. The wife insisted on the inspection. It’s good that the doctors were sensible: they immediately diagnosed and prescribed treatment. While holding on to the conservative, but, apparently, still have to be operated on. “
Nicholas’s reluctance to lie down “under the knife” humanly is understandable. Not for nothing, according to a survey conducted on the Internet, surgeons rank fourth among the most “terrible” doctors (worse only dentists, gynecologists and proctologists). However, operative treatment of varicose veins does not necessarily imply a sea of blood, large incisions and a hard recovery period.
Over the past ten years, medicine has moved far ahead. Even in Russia, the patient’s veins are already removed endoscopically – through miniature punctures – or they are turned off from the bloodstream, sealed with sclerotherapy drugs (sclerotherapy) or laser radiation (laser therapy). After such operations the patient leaves home on the same day. It’s a pity that these modern methods are not used as often as we would like. For comparison: in developed countries in Europe with varicose veins, sclerotherapy is used in 90% of cases. At us – only in half. And it’s not about the best equipment of Western clinics. It’s just that our patients wait until the last and agree to an operation when there is nowhere to retreat. And with the running of cases high technology, alas, can not cope.
Most likely, the total workload is to blame: not that about health, there’s no time to think about the soul. In addition, the fear of doctors is a national trait of the Russian character. In addition, many still perceive varicose veins not as a serious disease, but only as a small cosmetic defect.
Probably very few people, after watching the telecast of a connoisseur of folk medicine, will rush to treat varicose with frozen mackerel and crushed grasshoppers, but to buy an advertised miracle cream from the pharmacy and expect this miracle from him instead of going to the doctor is our method. The cream is, perhaps, not bad: it improves microcirculation, nourishes tissues, tones up veins. But will it be of use to him, depends on the stage of the disease and individual sensitivity.
Ideally, varicose veins, like any other, are easier to prevent than cure. There was an evening feeling of heaviness in the legs, imprinted on the ankles gum from the socks – welcome to the phlebologist. He will enlighten the suspicious veins (transillumination), evaluate the blood flow in them (ultrasound dopplerography), and make a verdict: to cut, glue or can still do with anti-varicose cream, compression knitwear and lymph drainage massage.
But even if the alarm was false, the simplest preventive measures will not hurt. Do not wear tight clothes, do not sit on your leg, from time to time get up to stretch and at any convenient opportunity, lift your legs up. It looks weird, but good for health.
opinions of experts
chief physician of the medical institutions in phlebology problems, MD, physician-phlebologist Igor Carenko:
– Sedentary lifestyle provoke stagnation of venous blood in the legs, which can lead over time to chronic venous insufficiency. If we are talking about varicose veins, then for him, there is not enough excess pressure on the veins, there must be more and predisposition to the disease.
As prevention of varicose veins, I would advise you at least once an hour to get up from your chair and walk for ten minutes: on your socks and on your heels, alternately. To work calf muscle.
Well, if there are already swelling and a feeling of heaviness in the legs, you need not delaying contacting specialists – phlebology physicians.
opinions of experts
Chief Physician venous clinic “Professional”, the highest category surgeon, MD, professor, chief researcher at the Research Laboratory of Angiology of the Russian State Medical University, the executive secretary of the Association of Phlebology Russia Vadim Bogachev:
3C4ABF728013D2A8 5B9FD0E44DBC2353 – Varicose, indeed, “younger”. As shown by epidemiological studies, if another 15-20 years ago, the peak incidence of varicose veins occurred at the age of sixty and older, but now – for 35-40 years. Moreover, 12% of high school students already have problems with veins. This is due to the progressive change in lifestyle: the number and duration of static loads has increased. Modern man has become more lazy, he spends most of his time at the computer or at the TV, he prefers not to walk, but to go. By car, metro, bus.
However, the head does not need to be sprinkled with ashes. In order to cope with varicose veins, today there are many methods of treatment and prevention. If you turn to a phlebologist in time, it’s not necessary to go to a full operation. Appeared even the term “office surgery”. At lunch time a person goes to the doctor, he is given a procedure on his veins (sclero-, cryo- or laser therapy), and he returns to his work.